Berlin Airport

Miguel Angel Victoria Fotógrafo

Berlin-Tegel Airport (Flughafen Berlin-Tegel Otto Lilienthal), also called Otto Lilienthal, is the main airport in the city of Berlin, Germany. It is located in Tegel, a district in the Reinickendorf district of Berlin, 11 km from the city. Of the two Berlin airports, it’s the one with the most regular flights operating annually, and also the one with most passengers. In 2014, more than 20 million passengers used the airport facilities.

The airport began its operation in 1909 when Count Von Zeppelin brought the first airships to Berlin, specifically to the Tegel district.

The airport began its operation in 1909 when Count Von Zeppelin brought the first airships to Berlin, specifically to the Tegel district. The present grounds of the airport were zone of takeoff and landing of these devices until the tragedy of the Hindenburg in 1937, caused the zeppelins (name that were given to the dirigibles in honor of the count) stopped being used for transport of passengers.
Subsequently, the land was used by the Nazi regime in Germany to test the V-1 and V-2 rockets, and also as the base of operations of a space project embryo that, due to World War II, never became more than a project.
The beginning of operations of Tegel as an airport proper occurs after the end of World War II. In the context of the Cold War, in 1948 the blockade of Berlin by the Soviet Union, which cuts all land communications of the city of West Berlin, located in the center of the GDR. Stalin hoped that, in the absence of supplies, West Berlin would have to give in and become part of the GDR.
The allies, especially the United States and the United Kingdom then began an airlift (Luftbrücke in German) between the RFA and West Berlin, initially to the Tempelhof airport, in the North American sector of Berlin, and later also to Tegel, in the French sector of Berlin. The Gatow Aerodrome was also used in the British sector of Berlin. The supply of 4,000 tons of goods per day was very complicated, but the flights grew in number, and after a few months, West Berlin received up to 900 daily flights. The figure would grow to almost 1,400 daily flights in the first months of 1949, 24 hours a day, which meant that an allied plane landed in Berlin every minute.

In order to make the airport more operational, in 1948 the one that was then the longest runway in Europe, 2,400 meters long, was built.

In order to make the airport more operational, in 1948 the one that was then the longest runway in Europe, 2,400 meters long, was built.
The blockade of Berlin, and with it the Air Bridge, ended in May 1949, when the USSR realized that it was not going to obtain the expected results. 70 pilots (39 Americans and 31 British) died in accidents during the Blockade.
The administration of the airport was returned to the civil authority in 1960. Until that moment, Tegel had been an air base of the French army. On that date international passenger flights began from Tegel (until then all commercial air traffic was made from Tempelhof, which would soon be too small to accommodate the new aircraft, such as the Boeing 747, when Air France opened its route with Paris. clause of the Four Power Agreement on Berlin (1972), stipulated that no German airline could fly to or from Berlin, and that only American, French, British or Soviet airlines could do so, so the main flights from Tegel were operated by Pan Am, Air France and British Airways.
At the beginning of the 70’s the new facilities were built, initially designed to accommodate five million passengers per year (the current figure is more than eleven million). The design was the responsibility of the Gerkan, Marg und Partner study. The hexagonal terminal allows the travel of the suitcases between the aircraft is minimal, and so is the waiting time of passengers in the terminal. In 1975 all commercial air traffic from the Tempelhof airport was moved to Tegel; Tempelhof remained solely as a North American air base, and Tegel markedly increased its passenger traffic.
With the German reunification, the flight ban to the German airlines ends, and the Lufthansa begins its flights from the airport.

Virtual Reality (VR)

Virtual reality images for virtual reality glasses viewing in mobile devices


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Little Planet

Aeropuerto de Berlín Tegel
Aeropuerto de Berlín Tegel

Photo Gallery

Panoramic Photography


How was this Virtual Tour made

The equipment used to perform virtual tour are the following:

  • Nikon D810 DSLR Camera
  • Lens Sigma 8 mm Fisheye
  • Nodal Ninja NN4 Tripod Head
  • Manfrotto 190 Carbon Fiber Tripod
  • Remote Switch

The software processing of the image was

  • Lightroom to process RAW files
  • PTGui for stitching images
  • Photoshop general and local settings
  • PanoTour Pro for generating virtual tour
In many public places, for safety reasons, the use of tripods is prohibited, airports, stadiums, museums, shopping centers, are some of them. That’s why on this occasion, in order not to miss the opportunity to take virtual reality photographs, I used the “technique of phyllopod tone variation”, in which you’re not really using a trippy and you can be as fast as possible to rotate the camera around the point of no parallax.
The trick is to install in front of the lens a piece of rope tied and at the end a coin or a fish led that makes weight down, which will help you maintain a reference and thus keep the camera in the same place while you turn around to take the different photos.
Four photos are taken, one in each direction and the tone is varying slightly up and down between the shots. Hang the coin or lead over the same spot on the ground. Do not look at the camera, rather, look at the coin so that it stays above the same point on the floor. You take the first picture, then you rotate 90 degrees and you take the second picture, so turning 90 degrees you take a third and fourth picture.
With this you achieve a totally spherical panorama taken without tripod.

Would you like to use this virtual tour in your website?

Good news! Yes, you can use without asking for permission. Our site is licensed under "Creative Commons – Acknowledgement 4.0 International", This type of license allows you:

  • To Share- copy, distribute, execute and use the artwork publicly.
  • To Make derivative works.
  • To Use the artwork for commercial purposes.

This means that you must assign the credits of the work in the following way:

"Aeropuerto de Berlín, Fotografía (cc): Miguel Angel Victoria"

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Licencia de Creative Commons
Aeropuerto de Berlín by Miguel Angel Victoria is licensed under Licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional . Created from the artwork retrieved from You can find more permissions under this license in
Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa

Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa

Traducción al idioma inglés realizada por la Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa a través del Centro de Estudio de Idiomas Culiacán. English language translation made by Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa through the collaboration of Centro de Estudio de Idiomas Culiacán

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